No two rooms look identical, but well-decorated spaces share common elements. If your space feels unfinished, you may lack one or more of them. No matter what the room type or decorating style, you need the same types of room decorating items to create a functional and attractive interior.
The term “case goods” – sometimes spelled “casegoods” – refers to hard-sided furniture made of wood, metal acrylic or a combination. Originally used to describe wooden storage furniture, such as chests, dressers and sideboards because of their boxy shapes, the term is also used today to describe most furniture that isn’t upholstered. In addition to storage furniture, case goods include beds and tables of all types.
Upholstery is padded furniture covered with fabric, vinyl or leather. Seating pieces, such as sofas, loveseats, sectionals, settees, benches, chaises and chairs, are examples of upholstery. Manufacturers also offer upholstered ottomans, headboards and beds. The latter refers to matching headboards and footboards with connecting rails rather than mattresses. Mattresses are padded and upholstered in fabric, but they’re considered bedding rather than upholstery items.
Soft Goods and Textiles
When applied to interior decorating and home furnishings, soft goods refer to non-furniture items made from fabric. Examples of soft goods include bed treatments, throw pillows, slipcovers, table skirts, throws and cloth window treatments. Although some rugs and tapestries fall into the soft goods category – primarily those of lesser age and quality – they’re all considered textiles, as are most soft goods. In addition to their various functional and decorative purposes, soft goods and textiles help to absorb sound and vibration, which reduces echo in a room.
The lighting category of room decorating items includes all of the fixtures that supplement the natural light in your room. Though the fixtures you choose help determine the direction of your decor, your room also needs quality interior lighting for function. To light your space properly, you need general, task and accent lighting. General lighting includes most ceiling-mounted fixtures, as well as wall-mounted sconces. Task lighting provides illumination for specific activities. Examples of task lighting include desk lamps, vanity lighting and the under-cabinet fixtures that light kitchen counters. Accent lighting draws attention to specific decorative elements, as well as serving as mood lighting. Uplights and picture lights are two examples.
Art and Accessories
Art and accessories are the icing of the interior design world. You can live in a room without them, but adding artwork and accessories make the experience sweeter. An attractive, well-furnished space includes artwork that hangs on the walls, as well as decorative objects to dress up shelving units and the tops of tables and storage pieces, such as chests and sideboards.